Overview Of: The language of the Edo people is the major African component of Portuguese creole
The language of the Edo people is the major African component of Portuguese creole
Gulf of Guinea creoles are the main Portuguese creole languages still spoken today.
There are a few other portuguese creoles spoken by a few thousand people in Malaysia,
Sri Lanka, India, Singapore, and Indonesia. Several studies have shown though that the Edo language is the major African component that constitutes the foundation of the creoles of the Gulf of Guinea.
At least one variety of these creoles is spoken in Sao tome and Principe and Equatorial Guinea, with diaspora speakers mainly in Angola and Portugal,
according to the Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (APiCS), a linguistic atlas that provides expert-based information on 130 grammatical and lexical features of 76 pidgin and creole languages from around the world.
The creoles of the Gulf of Guinea were derived from the combination of the Portuguese language,
Edo language (including closely related Edoid languages in the Niger delta),
and Bantu languages (mainly Kikongo and Kimbundu), according to linguists.
The creoles emerged from a first-contact language or pidgin resulting from the contact between the Portuguese colonizers and the slaves from the kingdom of Benin in Sao Tome. The Bantu languages
came in contact with the newly formed Portuguese-Edo language in the island some decades later.